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 SPAIN

King: Felipe VI. · Prime Minister: Pedro Sánchez (PSOE) · Governing party: PSOE, PODEMOS, IU
Legislative elections: Congress of Deputies, 4-year term, 350 seats, 3% threshold (constituency-based), party-list PR:

Party 2019II 2019I
Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Social democracy
   
28,0% 120 28,7% 123
Partido Popular (PP)
People's Party
Conservatism
Christian democracy 
20,8% 88 16,7% 66
Vox (VOX)
Vox
National conservatism
Right-wing populism
15,1% 52 10,3% 24
Podemos (PODEMOS)
We Can
Anti-globalisation politics
Direct democracy
Democratic socialism
12,8% 35 14,3% 42
Izquierda Unida (IU)
United Left
Socialism
Communism
Ciudadanos - Partido de la Ciudadanía (Cs)
Citizens - Party of the Citizenry
Liberalism
    
6,8% 10 15,9% 57
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)
Republican Left of Catalonia
Separatism
Social democracy
3,6% 13 3,9% 15
Más País (MP)
More Country
Anti-globalisation politics
Direct democracy
Green politics
2,3% 3 - -
Junts per Catalunya (JxCat)
Together for Catalonia
Separatism
Liberalism
2,2% 8 1,9% 7
Eusko Alderdi Jeltzalea (EAJ-PNV)
Basque Nationalist Party
Separatism
Christian democracy 
1,6% 7 1,5% 6
Euskal Herria Bildu (EHB)
Basque Country Gather
Separatism
Socialism 
1,2% 5 1,0% 4
Candidatura d'Unitat Popular (CUP)
Popular Unity Candidacy
Separatism
Socialism 
1,0% 2 - -
Coalición Canaria (CC-PNC-NC)
Canarian Coalition
[2019I: CC-PNC]
Regionalism
Centrism
0,5% 2 0,5% 2
Bloque Nacionalista Galego (BNG)
Galician Nationalist Bloc
Separatism
Socialism 
0,5% 1 0,4% -
Unión del Pueblo Navarro (UPN)
Navarrese People's Union
Regionalism
Conservatism
Christian democracy
0,4% 2 0,4% 2
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria (PRC)
Regionalist Party of Cantabria
Regionalism
Centrism 
0,3% 1 0,2% 1
Teruel Existe (TE)
Teruel Exists
Regionalism
  
0,1% 1 - -
Coalició Compromís (COMPROMÍS)
Compromise Coalition
Regionalism
Socialism
Green politics
(MP) (1) 0,7% 1
Others 2,8% - 3,6% -
Total - 350 - 350
Turnout 69,9% 71,8%

 © 2019 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: Ministerio del Interior (http://resultados.10noviembre2019.es).

Archive: Legislative elections, 2004-2019 ( For full coverage, 1977-present, click here):

2004 2008 2011 2015 2016 2019I
PSOE % 42,5 43,9 28,8 22,0 22,6 28,7
  S. 164 169 110 90 85 123
PP % 37,7 39,9 44,6 28,7 33,0 16,7
  S. 148 154 186 123 137 66
Cs % - 0,2 - 13,9 13,1 15,9
  S. - - - 40 32 57
PODEMOS (UP) % - - - 20,7 21,2 14,3
  S. - - - 69 71 42
VOX % - - - 0,2 0,2 10,3
  S. - - - - - 24
ERC % 2,5 1,2 1,1 2,4 2,6 3,9
  S. 8 3 3 9 9 15
JxCat (CDC, ...) % 3,2 3,0 4,2 2,3 2,0 1,9
  S. 10 10 16 8 8 7
EAJ-PNV % 1,6 1,2 1,3 1,2 1,2 1,5
  S. 7 6 5 6 5 6
EHB (AMAIUR) % - - 1,4 0,9 0,8 1,0
  S. - - 7 2 2 4
COM. % - - 0,5 POD. UP 0,7
  S. - - 1 (4) (4) 1
CC-PNC (...) % 0,9 0,7 0,6 0,3 0,3 0,5
  S. 3 2 2 1 1 2
UPN (NA+) % PP PP PP PP PP 0,4
  S. (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) 2
BNG % 0,8 0,8 0,8 0,3 0,2 0,4
  S. 2 2 2 - - -
PRC % - - 0,2 - - 0,2
  S. - - - - - 1
IU (...) % 5,0 3,8 6,9 3,7 UP UP
  S. 5 2 11 2 (8) (5)
UPYD % - 1,2 4,7 0,6 0,2 -
  S. - 1 5 - - -
Others % 5,8 4,1 4,9 2,8 2,6 3,6
  S. 3 1 2 - - -
Total S. 350 350 350 350 350 350
Turnout % 75,7 73,8 68,9 69,7 66,5 71,8

Abbreviations: PSOE: Spanish Socialist Workers' Party; PP: People's Party; Cs: Citizens-Party of the Citizenry; PODEMOS: We Can (2016-2019: United We Can, UP); VOX: Vox; ERC: Republican Left of Catalonia; JxCat: Together for Catalonia (2004-2011: Convergence and Union, CiU; 2015: Democracy and Freedom, DL; 2016: Democratic Convergence of Catalonia, CDC); EAJ-PNV: Basque Nationalist Party; EHB: Basque Country Gather (2011: Amaiur); COMPROMÍS: Compromise Coalition; CC-PNC: Canarian Coalition-Canarian Nationalist Party (2004: Canarian Coalition, CC; 2011: Canarian Coalition-New Canarias, CC-NC); UPN: Navarrese People's Union (2019I: Sum Navarre, NA+); BNG: Galician Nationalist Bloc; PRC: Regionalist Party of Cantabria; IU: United Left (2011: Plural Left, IP; 2015: Popular Unity, UP); UPYD: Union, Progress and Democracy. © 2019 Wolfram Nordsieck.