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 SPAIN

King: Felipe VI. · Prime Minister: Pedro Sánchez (PSOE) · Governing party: PSOE
Legislative elections: Congress of Deputies, 4-year term, 350 seats, 3% threshold (constituency-based), party-list PR:

Party 2019 2016
Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Social democracy
   
28,7% 123 22,6% 85
Partido Popular (PP)
People's Party
Conservatism
Christian democracy 
16,7% 66 33,0% 137
Ciudadanos - Partido de la Ciudadanía (Cs)
Citizens - Party of the Citizenry
Liberalism
    
15,9% 57 13,1% 32
Unidos Podemos (UP)
United We Can
Anti-globalisation politics
Direct democracy
Democratic socialism
14,3% 42 21,2% 71
Vox (VOX)
Vox
Nationalism
National conservatism
10,3% 24 0,2% -
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)
Republican Left of Catalonia
Separatism
Social democracy
3,9% 15 2,6% 9
Junts per Catalunya (JxCat)
Together for Catalonia
[2016: CDC]
Separatism
Liberalism
1,9% 7 2,0% 8
Eusko Alderdi Jeltzalea (EAJ-PNV)
Basque Nationalist Party
Separatism
Christian democracy 
1,5% 6 1,2% 5
Euskal Herria Bildu (EHB)
Basque Country Gather
Separatism
Socialism 
1,0% 4 0,8% 2
Coalició Compromís (COMPROMÍS)
Compromise Coalition
Regionalism
Socialism
Green politics
0,7% 1 (UP) (4)
Coalición Canaria - Partido Nacionalista Canario (CC-PNC)
Canarian Coalition - Canarian Nationalist Party
Regionalism
Centrism
0,5% 2 0,3% 1
Unión del Pueblo Navarro (UPN)
Navarrese People's Union
Regionalism
Conservatism
Christian democracy
0,4% 2 (PP) (2)
Partido Regionalista de Cantabria (PRC)
Regionalist Party of Cantabria
Regionalism
Centrism 
0,2% 1 - -
Others 4,0% - 3,0% -
Total - 350 - 350
Turnout 71,8% 66,5%

 © 2019 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: Ministerio del Interior (http://www.resultados.eleccionesgenerales19.es).

Archive: Legislative elections, 2000-2016 ( For full coverage, 1977-present, click here):

2000 2004 2008 2011 2015 2016
PP % 44,5 37,7 39,9 44,6 28,7 33,0
  S. 183 148 154 186 123 137
PSOE % 34,2 42,5 43,9 28,8 22,0 22,6
  S. 125 164 169 110 90 85
PODEMOS (UP) % - - - - 20,7 21,2
  S. - - - - 69 71
Cs % - - 0,2 - 13,9 13,1
  S. - - - - 40 32
ERC % 0,8 2,5 1,2 1,1 2,4 2,6
  S. 1 8 3 3 9 9
CDC (CiU, ...) % 4,2 3,2 3,0 4,2 2,3 2,0
  S. 15 10 10 16 8 8
EAJ-PNV % 1,5 1,6 1,2 1,3 1,2 1,2
  S. 7 7 6 5 6 5
EHB (AMAIUR) % - - - 1,4 0,9 0,8
  S. - - - 7 2 2
CC-PNC (CC, ...) % 1,1 0,9 0,7 0,6 0,3 0,3
  S. 4 3 2 2 1 1
UPD % - - 1,2 4,7 0,6 0,2
  S. - - 1 5 - -
BNG % 1,3 0,8 0,8 0,8 0,3 0,2
  S. 3 2 2 2 - -
IU (IP, ...) % 5,5 5,0 3,8 6,9 3,7 UP
  S. 8 5 2 11 2 (8)
Others % 6,9 5,8 4,1 5,6 3,0 2,8
  S. 4 3 1 3 - -
Total S. 350 350 350 350 350 350
Turnout % 68,7 75,7 73,8 68,9 69,7 66,5

Abbreviations: PP: People's Party; PSOE: Spanish Socialist Workers' Party; PODEMOS: We Can (2016: United We Can, UP); Cs: Citizens-Party of the Citizenry; ERC: Republican Left of Catalonia; CDC: Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (1996-2011: Convergence and Union, CiU; 2015: Democracy and Freedom, DL); EAJ-PNV: Basque Nationalist Party; EHB: Basque Country Gather (2011: Amaiur); CC-PNC: Canarian Coalition-Canarian Nationalist Party (1996-2004: Canarian Coalition, CC; 2011: Canarian Coalition-New Canarias, CC-NC); UPD: Union, Progress and Democracy; BNG: Galician Nationalist Bloc; IU: United Left (2011: Plural Left, IP; 2015: Popular Unity, UP). © 2019 Wolfram Nordsieck.