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 SAN MARINO

Head of state: Captains Regent Governing parties: SSD, RF, CIVICO 10
Legislative elections: Grand and General Council, 5-year term, 60 seats, 3,5% threshold, party-list PR + majority bonus:

Party 2016 2012
Partito Democratico Cristiano Sammarinese (PDCS)
San Marinese Christian Democratic Party
Christian democracy
  
24,5% 10 29,5% 21
Partito Socialista (PS)
Socialist Party
Social democracy
   
7,7% 3 12,1% 7
Partito dei Socialisti e dei Democratici (PSD)
Party of Socialists and Democrats
Social democracy
Democratic socialism  
7,2% 3 14,3% 10
Noi Sammarinesi (NS)
We San Marinese
Centrism
  
2,1% - (PDCS) (3)
Sinistra Socialista Democratica (SSD)
Democratic Socialist Left
[2012: United Left, SU]
Democratic socialism
      
12,1% 14 9,1% 5
Repubblica Futura (RF)
Future Republic
Centrism
   
9,6% 11 - -
Movimento Civico 10 (CIVICO 10)
Citizens' Movement 10
Direct democracy
Anti-corruption politics
9,3% 10 6,7% 4
Movimento Civico R.E.T.E. (RETE)
Citizens' Movement Net
Environmentalism
Transparency
Anti-corruption politics
18,3% 8 6,3% 4
Movimento Democratico San Marino Insieme (MDSI)
Democratic Movement San Marino Together
Social liberalism  
  
4,9% 1 - -
Unione per la Repubblica (UPR)
Union for the Republic
Christian democracy
  
- - 8,4% 5
Alleanza Popolare (AP)
Popular Alliance
Liberalism
Centrism 
- - 6,7% 4
Others 4,3% - 6,9% -
Total - 60 - 60
Turnout 59,7% 63,9%

  2016 Wolfram Nordsieck. Pre-election coalitions:         . Source: Segreteria di Stato per gli Affari Interni (http://www.elezioni.sm).

Archive: Legislative elections, 1993-2012 ( For full coverage, 1945-present, click here):

1993 1998 2001 2006 2008 2012
PDCS % 41,4 40,9 41,5 32,9 31,9 29,5
  S. 26 25 25 21 22 21
PSD % - - - 31,8 32,0 14,3
  S. - - - 20 18 10
PS (NPS, LDL) % - - - 5,4 6,3 12,1
  S. - - - 3 4 7
UPR % - - - - - 8,4
  S. - - - - - 5
AP (APDS) % 7,7 9,8 8,2 12,1 11,5 6,7
  S. 4 6 5 7 7 4
CIVICO10 % - - - - - 6,7
  S. - - - - - 4
RETE % - - - - - 6,3
  S. - - - - - 4
SU (RCS) % 3,4 3,3 3,4 8,7 8,6 9,1
  S. 2 2 2 5 5 5
MS (PS, USDM) % - - - 2,4 4,2 1,7
  S. - - - 1 2 -
DDC % - - - - 4,9 -
  S. - - - - 2 -
PSS % 23,7 23,2 24,2 - - -
  S. 14 14 15 - - -
PD (PPDS) % 18,6 18,6 20,8 - - -
  S. 11 11 12 - - -
SR % - 4,2 - - - -
  S. - 2 - - - -
MD % 5,3 PPDS - - - -
  S. 3 ... - - - -
Others % - - 1,9 6,6 - 5,2
  S. - - 1 3 - -
Total S. 60 60 60 60 60 60
Turnout % 80,3 75,3 73,8 71,8 64,5 63,9

Abbreviations: PDCS: Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party; PSD: Party of Socialists and Democrats; PS: Socialist Party (2006: New Socialist Party, NPS; 2008: LDL: Freedom List, LDL); UPR: Union for the Republic; AP: Popular Alliance (1993-1998: Popular Alliance of Sammarinese Democrats, APDS; 2001-2006: Popular Alliance of Sammarinese Democrats for the Republic, APDS); CIVICO10: Citizens' Movement 10; RETE: Citizens' Movement Net; SU: United Left (1993-2001: Sammarinese Communist Refoundation, RCS); MS: Sammarinese Moderates (2006: Sammarinese People, PS; 2008: Sammarinese Union of Moderates, UDSM); DDC: Centre Democrats; PSS: Sammarinese Socialist Party; PD: Party of Democrats (1993-1998: Sammarinese Democratic Progressive Party, PPDS); SR: Socialists for Reform; MD: Democratic Movement. 2016 Wolfram Nordsieck.