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 SAN MARINO

Head of state: Captains Regent Governing parties: PDCS, RETE, DML, PS, PSD, NS, MDSI
Legislative elections: Grand and General Council, 5-year term, 60 seats, 5% threshold (2016: 3,5%), party-list PR (2016: + majority bonus):

   2024 2019 2016 2012
Party Ideology % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats
Partito Democratico Cristiano Sammarinese (PDCS)
San Marinese Christian Democratic Party
Christian democracy   34,1 22 33,4 21 24,5 10 29,5 21
Libera San Marino-Partito Socialista (LSM-PS)
Free San Marino-Socialist Party
Democratic socialism
Social democracy
15,8 10 - - - - - -
Partito dei Socialisti e dei Democratici (PSD)
Party of Socialists and Democrats
Social democracy
Democratic socialism
12,2 8 NPR 2 7,2 3 14,3 10
Repubblica Futura (RF)
Future Republic
Centrism    12,0 8 10,3 6 9,6 11 - -
Domani-Motus Liberi (DML)
Tomorrow-Motus Liberi
Christian democracy   8,5 5 6,4 4 - - - -
Movimento Civico R.E.T.E. (RETE)
Citizens' Movement Net
Environmentalism
Transparency
Anti-corruption politics
5,1 3 18,2 11 18,3 8 6,3 4
Alleanza Riformista (AR)
Reformist Alliance
Liberalism  7,4 4 - - - - - -
Libera San Marino (LSM)
Free San Marino (a)
Democratic socialism       LSM-PS ... 16,5 10 - - - -
Partito Socialista (PS)
Socialist Party 
Social democracy    LSM-PS ... NPR 3 7,7 3 12,1 7
Noi per la Repubblica (NPR)
We for the Republic
Social democracy
Liberalism    
- - 13,1 8 - - - -
Sinistra Socialista Democratica (SSD)
Democratic Socialist Left (b)
Democratic socialism       - - LSM 6 12,1 14 9,1 5
Movimento Civico 10 (C10)
Citizens' Movement 10
Direct democracy
Anti-corruption politics       
- - LSM 3 9,3 10 6,7 4
Noi Sammarinesi (NS)
We Sammarinese
Liberalism    - - NPR 2 2,1 - PDCS (3)
Movimento Democratico San Marino Insieme (MDSI)
Democratic Movement San Marino Together
Social liberalism   - - NPR 1 4,9 1 - -
Movimento Ideali Socialisti (MIS)
Movement of Ideal Socialists
Social democracy  - - LSM 1 - - - -
Unione per la Repubblica (UPR)
Union for the Republic
Christian democracy  
Centrism  
- - - - - - 8,4 5
Alleanza Popolare (AP)
Popular Alliance
Centrism  
Liberalism  
- - - - - - 6,7 4
Rifondazione Comunista Sammarinese (RCS)
Sammarinese Communist Refoundation
Communism   - - - - - - SU (3)
Partito della Sinistra-Zona Franca (PDS)
Left Party-Free Zone
Democratic socialism   - - - - - - SU (2)
Others 5,4 - 2,0 - 4,3 - 6,9 -
Total - 60 - 60 - 60 - 60
Turnout   50,3 55,7 59,7 63,9

2024 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: Segreteria di Stato per gli Affari Interni (www.elezioni.sm).  For full coverage, click here (1945-present). Notes: (a) 2024: Free San Marino-Socialist Party, LSM-PS; (b) 2012: United Left (SU)