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 POLAND

President: Andrzej Duda (PiS) · Prime Minister: Mateusz Morawiecki (PiS) · Governing parties: PiS
Legislative elections: Sejm, 4-year term, 460 seats, 5% threshold (combined lists 8%), party-list PR:

Party 2015 2011
Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS)
Law and Justice
National conservatism
Social conservatism 
37,6% 235  29,9% 157
Platforma Obywatelska (PO)
Civic Platform
Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy 
24,1% 138 39,2% 207
Kukiz'15 (K)
Kukiz'15
Right-wing populism
 
8,8% 42 - -
Nowoczesna (N)
Modern
Liberalism
   
7,6% 28 - -
Twój Ruch (TR)
Your Movement
Social liberalism
Anti-clericalism 
7,6% - 10,0% 40
Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (SLD)
Democratic Left Alliance
Social democracy
    
- 8,2% 27
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (PSL)
Polish People's Party
Agrarianism
Christian democracy 
5,1% 16 8,4% 28
Mniejszość Niemiecka (MN)
German Minority
Minority interests (GER)
  
0,2% 1 0,2% 1
Others 9,0%  -  4,1%  -
Total - 460 - 460
Turnout 50,9% 48,9%

 © 2015 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: National Electoral Commission (http://parlament2015.pkw.gov.pl).

Archive: Legislative elections, 1993-2011 ( For full coverage, 1947/1989-present, click here):

1993 1997 2001 2005 2007 2011
PO % - - 12,7 24,1 41,5 39,2
  S. - - 65 133 209 207
PiS % - - 9,5 27,0 32,1 29,9
  S. - - 44 155 166 157
RP % - - - - - 10,0
  S. - - - - - 40
PSL % 15,4 7,3 9,0 7,0 8,9 8,4
  S. 132 27 42 25 31 28
SLD (LiD, ...) % 20,4 27,1 41,0 11,3 13,2 8,2
  S. 171 164 216 55 53 27
SRP (NDP, ...) % 2,8 0,1 10,2 11,4 1,5 0,1
  S. - - 53 56 - -
UP % 7,3 4,7 SLD SDPL LiD SLD
  S. 41 - (16) - - -
LPR % - - 7,9 8,0 1,3 -
  S. - - 38 34 - -
SDPL % - - - 3,9 LiD -
   S. - - - - (10) -
PD (UW, ...) % 10,6 13,4 3,1 2,5 LiD -
  S. 74 60 - - (3) -
ROP (RP) % 2,7 5,6 AWSP 1,1 - -
  S. - 6 - - - -
AWS (AWSP) % - 33,8 5,6 - - -
  S. - 201 - - - -
ZChN (...) % 6,4 AWS AWSP - - -
  S. - ... - - - -
RS (S) % 4,9 AWS AWSP - - -
  S. - ... - - - -
PC % 4,4 AWS - - - -
  S. - ... - - - -
KPN % 5,8 AWS - - - -
  S. 22 ... - - - -
BBWR % 5,4 AWS - - - -
  S. 16 ... - - - -
Others % 13,9 8,0 1,0 3,9 1,5 4,2
  S. 4 2 2 2 2 1
Total S. 460 460 460 460 460 460
Turnout % 52,1 47,9 46,2 40,6 53,8 48,9

Abbreviations: PO: Civic Platform; PiS: Law and Justice; RP: Palikot's Movement; PSL: Polish People's Party; SLD: Democratic Left Alliance (2001: SLD-UP; 2007: Left and Democrats, LiD); SRP: Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (1993-1997: Self-Defense Alliance, SO; 2011: Poland Our Home-Self-Defense Andrzej Lepper, NDP); UP: Labour Union; LPR: League of Polish Families; SDPL: Social Democracy of Poland; PD: Democratic Party (1993: Democratic Union, UD; 1997-2001: Freedom Union, UW); ROP: Movement for the Reconstruction of Poland (2005: Patriotic Movement, RP); AWSP: Solidarity Electoral Action of the Right (1997: Solidarity Electoral Action, AWS); ZChN: Christian National Union (1993: Catholic Electoral Committee "Fatherland", KKW); RS: Social Movement (1993: NSZZ Solidarity, S); PC: Centre Alliance; KPN: Confederation for an Independent Poland; BBWR: Nonpartisan Bloc for Support of Reforms. © 2015 Wolfram Nordsieck.