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 POLAND

President: Andrzej Duda (PiS) Prime Minister: Mateusz Morawiecki (PiS) Governing party: PiS
Legislative elections: Sejm, 4-year term, 460 seats, 5% threshold (combined lists 8%), party-list PR:

Party 2019 2015
Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS)
Law and Justice
National conservatism
Social conservatism 
43,6% 235 37,6% 235
Platforma Obywatelska (PO)
Civic Platform
Liberal conservatism
   
27,4% 134 24,1% 138
Nowoczesna (N)
Modern
Liberalism
   
7,6% 28
Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (SLD)
Democratic Left Alliance
[2015: ZL]
Social democracy
    
12,6% 49 7,6% -
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (PSL)
Polish People's Party
Agrarianism
Christian democracy 
8,6% 30 5,1% 16
Konfederacja Wolność i Niepodległość (KONFEDERACJA)
Confederation Freedom and Independence
Libertarianism
Nationalism
Far-right politics
6,8%  11 - -
Mniejszość Niemiecka (MN)
German Minority
Minority interests (GER)
  
0,2% 1 0,2% 1
Kukiz'15 (K)
Kukiz'15
[affiliated to PSL in 2019]
Right-wing populism
Direct democracy
- - 8,8% 42
Others 0,9% - 9,0%  -
Total - 460 - 460
Turnout 61,7% 50,9%

  2019 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: National Electoral Commission (http://wybory.gov.pl).

Archive: Legislative elections, 1997-2015 ( For full coverage, 1947/1989-present, click here):

1997 2001 2005 2007 2011 2015
PiS % - 9,5 27,0 32,1 29,9 37,6
  S. - 44 155 166 157 235
PO % - 12,7 24,1 41,5 39,2 24,1
  S. - 65 133 209 207 138
K % - - - - - 8,8
  S. - - - - - 42
N % - - - - - 7,6
  S. - - - - - 28
ZL (LiD) % - - - 13,2 - 7,6
  S. - - - 53 - -
PSL % 7,3 9,0 7,0 8,9 8,4 5,1
  S. 27 42 25 31 28 16
MN % 0,6 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,2 0,2
  S. 2 2 2 1 1 1
SO (SRP, ...) % 0,1 10,2 11,4 1,5 0,1 0,0
  S. - 53 56 - - -
TR (RP) % - - - - 10,0 ZL
  S. - - - - 40 -
SLD (...) % 27,1 41,0 11,3 LiD 8,2 ZL
  S. 164 216 55 (40) 27 -
UP % 4,7 SLD SDPL LiD SLD ZL
  S. - (16) - - - -
LPR % - 7,9 8,0 1,3 - -
  S. - 38 34 - - -
SDPL % - - 3,9 LiD - -
   S. - - - (10) - -
PD (UW, ...) % 13,4 3,1 2,5 LiD - -
  S. 60 - - (3) - -
ROP (RP) % 5,6 AWSP 1,1 - - -
  S. 6 - - - - -
AWS (AWSP) % 33,8 5,6 - - - -
  S. 201 - - - - -
Others % 7,4 0,6 3,6 1,3 4,0 9,0
  S. - - - - - -
Total S. 460 460 460 460 460 460
Turnout % 47,9 46,2 40,6 53,8 48,9 50,9

Abbreviations: PiS: Law and Justice; PO: Civic Platform; K: Kukiz'15; N: Modern; ZL: United Left (2007: Left and Democrats, LiD); PSL: Polish People's Party; MN: German Minority; SO: Self-Defense (1997: Self-Defense Alliance, SO; 2001-2007: Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland, SRP; 2011: Our Home Poland-Self-Defense Andrzej Lepper, NDP); TR: Your Movement (2011: Palikot's Movement, RP); SLD: Democratic Left Alliance (2001: SLD-UP); UP: Labour Union; LPR: League of Polish Families; SDPL: Social Democracy of Poland; PD: Democratic Party (1997-2001: Freedom Union, UW); ROP: Movement for the Reconstruction of Poland (2005: Patriotic Movement, RP); AWSP: Solidarity Electoral Action of the Right (1997: Solidarity Electoral Action, AWS). 2019 Wolfram Nordsieck.