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 ITALY

President: Sergio Mattarella (PD) · Prime Minister: Giuseppe Conte · Governing parties: M5S, LN
Legislative elections: Chamber of Deputies, 5-year term, 630 seats:

Party 2018 2013
Movimento 5 Stelle (M5S)
Five Star Movement
Anti-corruption politics
Direct democracy
Environmentalism
32,7% 227 25,6% 109
Partito Democratico (PD)
Democratic Party
Social democracy
Christian left 
18,7% 112 25,4% 297
Pił Europa (+E)
More Europe
Liberalism
Centrism   
2,6% 3 - -
Italia Europa Insieme (INSIEME)
Italy Europe Together
Social democracy
Green politics 
0,6% 1 - -
Civica Popolare (CP)
Popular Civic List
Christian democracy
Centrism 
0,5% 2 - -
Südtiroler Volkspartei (SVP)
South Tyrolean People's Party
[2018: SVP-PATT]
Minority interests (D/LAD)
Christian democracy 
0,4% 4 0,4% 5
Lega Nord (LN)
League North
Regionalism
Right-wing populism 
17,4% 124 4,1% 18
Forza Italia (FI)
Forward Italy
Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy 
14,0% 106 21,6% 98
Fratelli d'Italia (FDI)
Brothers of Italy
National conservatism
Nationalism 
4,4% 31 2,0% 9
Noi con l'Italia - UDC (NCI)
Us with Italy - UDC
Christian democracy
Liberal conservatism 
1,3% 4 - -
Liberi e Uguali (LEU)
Free and Equal
Democratic socialism
Social democracy   
3,4% 14 - -
Scelta Civica (SC)  
Civic Choice [affiliated to NCI in 2018]
Liberalism
  
- - 8,3% 39
Sinistra Italiana (SI)
Italian Left
[affiliated to LEU in 2018; 2013: SEL]
Democratic socialism
Eco-socialism 
- - 3,2% 37
Unione di Centro (UDC)
Union of the Centre [affiliated to NCI in 2018]
Christian democracy
Social conservatism 
- - 1,8% 8
Centro Democratico (CD)
Democratic Centre
[affiliated to +E in 2018]
Centrism
  
- - 0,5% 6
Abroad/Aosta Valley - 2 - 4
Others 4,0% - 7,1% -
Total - 630 - 630
Turnout 72,9% 75,2%

 © 2018 Wolfram Nordsieck. Pre-election alliances:         . Source: Ministero dell'Interno (http://elezioni.interno.it).

Archive: Legislative elections, 1994-2013 ( For full coverage, 1946-present, click here):

1994 1996 2001 2006 2008 2013
M5S % - - - - - 25,6
  S. - - - - - 109
PD (ULIVO) % - - - 31,3 33,2 25,4
  S. - - - 225 217 297
PDL (FI) % 21,0 20,6 29,4 23,7 37,4 21,6
  S. 134 123 194 140 276 98
SC % - - - - - 8,3
  S. - - - - - 39
LN (LN-MPA) % 8,4 10,1 3,9 4,6 8,3 4,1
  S. 117 59 30 26 60 18
SEL (SA) % - - - - 3,1 3,2
  S. - - - - - 37
IDV (RC) % - - 3,9 2,3 4,4 2,2
  S. - - - 17 29 -
FDI (AN) % 13,5 15,7 12,0 12,3 - 2,0
  S. 109 93 99 72 - 9
UDC (...) % FI 5,8 3,2 6,8 5,6 1,8
  S. ... 30 41 39 36 8
CD % - - - - - 0,5
   S. - - - - - 6
SVP % 0,6 PRODI 0,5 0,5 0,4 0,4
   S. 3 ... 3 4 2 5
PSI (SDI, RnP, ...) % 2,2 DINI GS 2,6 1,0 PD
  S. 14 ... ... 18 - ...
PRC % 6,0 8,6 5,0 5,8 SA RC
  S. 39 35 11 41 - -
PDCI % - - 1,7 2,3 SA RC
   S. - - 10 16 - -
VERDI (GS) % 2,7 2,5 2,2 2,1 SA RC
  S. 11 14 17 16 - -
RAD (LP, LB, ...) % 3,5 1,9 2,2 RnP PD -
  S. 6 - - ... ... -
UDEUR % - - DL 1,4 - -
  S. - - ... 10 - -
DS (PDS) % 20,4 21,1 16,6 ULIVO - -
  S. 125 175 136 ... - -
DL % - - 14,5 ULIVO - -
  S. - - 84 ... - -
PPI (PRODI) % 11,1 6,8 DL - - -
  S. 33 72 ... - - -
DEM (AD, UD) % 1,2 PRODI DL - - -
  S. 18 ... ... - - -
RI (DINI) % - 4,3 DL - - -
  S. - 26 ... - - -
SEGNI % 4,6 DINI - - - -
  S. 13 ... - - - -
RETE % 1,9 PDS - - - -
  S. 6 ... - - - -
Others % 2,9 2,6 4,8 4,3 6,6 4,9
  S. 2 3 5 6 10 4
Total S. 630 630 630 630 630 630

Abbreviations: M5S: Five Star Movement; PD: Democratic Party (2006: The Ulive Tree, ULIVO); PDL: The People of Freedom (1994-2006: Forward Italy, FI); SC: Civic Choice; LN: League North (2006: League North-Movement for Autonomies, LN-MPA); SEL: Left Ecology Freedom (2008: Rainbow Left, SA); IDV: Italy of Values (2013: Civil Revolution, RC); FDI: Brothers of Italy (1994-2006: National Alliance, AN); UDC: Union of the Centre (1994: Christian Democratic Centre, CCD; 1996-2001: Christian Democratic Centre-United Christian Democrats, CCD-CDU; 2006: Union of Christian and Centre Democrats, UDC); CD: Democratic Centre; SVP: South Tyrolean People's Party; PSI: Italian Socialist Party (1994: Italian Socialist Party, PSI; 1996: Italian Socialists, SI; 2001: Italian Democratic Socialists, SDI; 2006: Rose in the Fist, RnP; 2008: Socialist Party, PS); PRC: Communist Refoundation Party; PDCI: Party of Italian Communists; VERDI: Federation of Greens (2001: Sunflower, GS); RAD: Italian Radicals (1994: Pannella List, LP; 1996: Pannella-Sgarbi List, LPS; 2001: Bonino List, LB); UDEUR: Union of Democrats for Europe; DS: Democrats of the Left (1994-1996: Democratic Party of the Left, PDS); DL: Democracy is Freedom-The Daisy; PPI: Italian People's Party (1996: Populars for Prodi, PRODI); DEM: The Democrats (1994: Democratic Alliance, AD; 1996: Democratic Union, UD); RI: Italian Renewal (1996: Dini List-Italian Renewal, DINI); SEGNI: Segni Pact; RETE: Movement for Democracy-The Network. © 2018 Wolfram Nordsieck.