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 EUROPEAN UNION

Council President: Charles Michel (RE) Commission President: Ursula von der Leyen (EPP) Governing groups: EPP, S&D, RE
Legislative elections: European Parliament, 5-year-term, 751 seats (2009: 766; 2004: 785), party-list PR (Ireland: STV):

  2024 2019 2014 2009
Group Ideology % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats
European People's Party (EPP)
   
Christian democracy
Liberal conservatism
 
    24,2 182 29,4 221 36,1 270
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D)
(a)  
Social democracy      20,5 154 25,3 190 25,3 189
Renew Europe (RE)
(b)   
Liberalism      14,4 108 8,9 67 11,2 84
The Greens/European Free Alliance (GREENS/EFA)
 
Green politics
Regionalism
Minority interests
    9,9 74 6,7 50 7,5 55
Identity and Democracy (ID)
(c)    
Euroscepticism
Right-wing populism 
National conservatism
    9,7 73 5,3 40 - -
European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)
 
National conservatism         
Conservatism      
    8,3 62 9,2 69 7,5 56
European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL)
 
Democratic socialism
Communism
 
    5,5 41 6,9 52 4,8 36
Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (EFDD)
(d)   
Euroscepticism        - - 6,4 48 4,3 32
Non-Inscrits     7,6 57  1,9 14 3,5 26
Total     - 751 - 751 - 766
Observer MEPs     - - - - - 18
Turnout   50,6 43,1 42,9

2024 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: European Parliament (www.election-results.eu).  For full coverage, click here (1979-present). Notes: Parliamentary groups in the European Parliament; percentages of seats. (a) 2009: Socialist Group in the European Parliament (PES); (b) 2009/2014: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE); (c) 2014: Europe of Nations and Freedom (ENF) (2015-2019); (d) 2009: Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD).