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 EUROPEAN UNION

Council President: Donald Tusk (EPP) Commission President: Ursula von der Leyen (EPP) (elect) Governing groups: EPP, S&D, RE
Legislative elections: European Parliament, 5-year-term, 751 seats, party-list PR (Ireland: STV):

Group/Europarty 2019 2014
European People's Party (EPP)
 
Christian democracy
Liberal conservatism
 
24,2% 182 29,4% 221
European People's Party (EPP)  
  
Christian democracy
Liberal conservatism
 
- (176) - (211)
  Stand-alone    - (6) - (10)
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D)
  
Social democracy
  
20,5% 154 25,3% 190
Party of European Socialists (PES)  
   
Social democracy
   
- (142) - (182)
  Stand-alone     - (12) - (9)
Renew Europe (RE)
[2014-2019: ALDE]   
Liberalism 
  
14,4% 108 8,9% 67
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE)  
 
Liberalism  
 
- (81) - (49)
European Democratic Party (EDP)  
   
Centrism  
 
- (8) - (8)
  Stand-alone     - (19) - (10)
The Greens/European Free Alliance (GREENS/EFA)
 
Green politics
Regionalism
Minority interests
  
9,9% 74 6,7% 50
European Green Party (EGP)  
   
Green politics
 
- (55) - (36)
European Free Alliance (EFA)  
   
Regionalism
Minority interests
- (7) - (6)
Volt Europa (VOLT)  
   
Social liberalism
 
 
- (1) - -
   Stand-alone     - (11) - (8)
Identity and Democracy (ID)
[2015-2019: ENF]    
Euroscepticism
Right-wing populism 
National conservatism
9,7% 73 5,3% 40
Identity and Democracy (ID)  
[2015-2019: MENF]    
Euroscepticism
Right-wing populism 
National conservatism
- (59) - (31)
  Stand-alone        - (14) - (9)
European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)
 
Conservatism
National conservatism
Economic liberalism
8,3% 62 9,2% 69
Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe (ACRE)  
 
Conservatism
National conservatism
Economic liberalism
- (55) - (44)
European Christian Political Movement (ECPM)  
   
Christian right
Social conservatism
 
- (1) - (2)
  Stand-alone     - (6) - (23)
European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL)
 
Democratic socialism
Communism
 
5,5% 41 6,9% 52
Party of the European Left (EL)  
   
Democratic socialism
Communism
 
- (20) - (29)
Europeans United for Democracy (EUD)
[dissolved]     
Euroscepticism
     
 
- - - (1)
  Stand-alone     - (21) - (23)
Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (EFDD)
[dissolved]  
Euroscepticism
 
  
- - 6,4% 48
Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe (ADDE)
[dissolved]     
Euroscepticism
Right-wing populism 
National conservatism
- - - (26)
   Stand-alone     - - - (22)
Non-Inscrits 7,6% 57  1,9% 14
Total - 751 - 751
Turnout 50,6% 43,1%

  2019 Wolfram Nordsieck. Note: Percentages of seats. Source: European Parliament (http://www.election-results.eu).

Archive: Legislative elections, 1989-2014 ( For full coverage, 1979/81-present, click here):

1989 1994/95 1999 2004/07 2009/13 2014
EPP (EPP-ED) % 23,6 28,9 37,1 37,1 36,1 29,4
   S. 122 181 232 291 270 221
S&D (SOC, PES) % 34,7 34,3 28,8 27,6 25,3 25,3
   S. 180 215 180 217 189 190
ECR % - - - - 7,5 9,2
   S. - - - - 56 69
ALDE (LIB, ELDR) % 9,5 7,0 8,1 12,6 11,2 8,9
   S. 49 44 51 99 84 67
GUE/NGL (EUL) % 5,4 5,4 6,7 5,2 4,8 6,9
   S. 28 34 42 41 36 52
GREENS/EFA % - - 7,7 5,5 7,5 6,7
    S. - - 48 43 55 50
EFDD (IEN, EDD, ID, EFD) % - 3,2 2,6 4,5 4,3 6,4
   S. - 20 16 35 32 48
ENF (ER, ITS) % 3,3 - - 2,0 - 5,3
   S. 17 - - 16 - 40
UEN (EDA, FE, UFE) % 3,9 8,6 5,0 4,7 - -
   S. 20 54 31 37 - -
ED % 6,6 - EPP-ED EPP-ED - -
   S. 34 - ... ... - -
TGI % - - 3,0 - - -
   S. - - 19 - - -
GREENS % 5,8 4,3 - - - -
   S. 30 27 - - - -
ERA (RB) % 2,5 3,0 - - - -
   S. 13 19 - - - -
LU % 2,7 - - - - -
   S. 14 - - - - -
Non-Inscrits % 2,1 5,2 1,2 0,8 3,5 1,9
   S. 11 32 7 6 26 14
Observer MEPs (1991/2011) S. 18 - - - 18 -
Total S. 536 626 626 785 766 751
Turnout % 58,5 56,8 49,8 45,6 42,9 43,1

Note: Percentages of seats. Abbreviations: EPP: European People's Party (1989-1999: European People's Party, EPP; 1999-2004/07: European People's Party-European Democrats, EPP-ED); S&D: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (1989: Socialist Group, SOC; 1994/95-2004: Party of European Socialists, PES; 2004/07-2009/13: Socialist Group in the European Parliament, PES); ECR: European Conservatives and Reformists; ALDE: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (1989-1994: Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group, LIB; 1994/95-1999: European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party, ELDR); GUE/NGL: European United Left/Nordic Green Left (1989-1993: European United Left, EUL; 1994/95: European United Left, EUL); GREENS/EFA: The Greens/European Free Alliance; EFDD: Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (1994/95: Independents for a Europe of Nations, IEN; 1999: Europe of Democracies and Diversities, EDD; 2004/07: ID: Independence/Democracy; 2009/13: Europe of Freedom and Democracy, EFD); ENF: Europe of Nations and Freedom (2015-2019; 1989-1994: Technical Group of the European Right, ER; 2007: Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty, ITS); UEN: Union for Europe of the Nations (1989: European Democratic Alliance, EDA; 1994/95-1995: European Democratic Alliance, EDA + Forza Europa, FE; 1995: Union for Europe, UFE);  ED: European Democrat Group (1999-2004/07: European Democrats subgroup); TGI: Technical Group of Independent Members; GREENS: The Green Group in the European Parliament; ERA: European Radical Alliance (1989: Rainbow Group in the European Parliament, RB); LU: Left Unity. 2019 Wolfram Nordsieck.