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 ESTONIA

President: Alar Karis Prime Minister: Katja Kallas (RE) Governing party: RE
Legislative elections: Riigikogu, 4-year term, 101 seats, 5% threshold, party-list PR:

Party 2023 2019
Eesti Reformierakond (RE)
Estonian Reform Party
Liberalism 
 
31,2% 37 28,8% 34
Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond (EKRE)
Conservative People's Party of Estonia
National conservatism
  
16,1% 17 17,8% 19
Eesti Keskerakond (K)
Estonian Centre Party
Centrism
   
15,3% 16 23,1% 26
Erakond Eesti 200 (E200)
Party Estonia 200
Liberalism 
 
13,3% 14 4,4% -
Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond (SDE)
Social Democratic Party
Social democracy   
 
9,3% 9 9,8% 10
Isamaa Erakond (I)
Fatherland Party
Conservatism
Christian democracy 
8,2% 8 11,4% 12
Others 6,6% - 4,7% -
Total - 101 - 101
Turnout 63,5% 64,2%

  2023 Wolfram Nordsieck. Source: Vabariigi Valimiskomisjon (http://www.vvk.ee).

Archive: Legislative elections, 1999-2019 ( For full coverage, 1990-present, click here):

1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019
RE % 15,9 17,7 27,8 28,6 27,7 28,8
  S. 18 19 31 33 30 34
K % 23,4 25,4 26,1 23,3 24,8 23,1
  S. 28 28 29 26 27 26
EKRE  % 7,3 13,0 7,1 2,1 8,1 17,8
  S. 7 13 6 - 7 19
IRL  % - - 17,9 20,5 13,7 11,4
  S. - - 19 23 14 12
SDE  % 15,2 7,0 10,6 17,1 15,2 9,8
  S. 17 6 10 19 15 10
E200 % - - - - - 4,4
  S. - - - - - -
ER % - - 7,1 3,8 0,9 1,8
   S. - - 6 - - -
EVA % - - - - 8,7 1,2
  S. - - - - 8 -
KP % 6,1 2,2 1,0 - - -
  S. 6 - - - - -
RP % - 24,6 - - - -
  S. - 28 - - - -
IL % 16,1 7,3 - - - -
  S. 18 7 - - - -
KE % 7,6 - - - - -
  S. 7 - - - - -
Others % 8,9 3,2 2,4 4,6 0,9 1,7
   S. - - - - - -
Total S. 101 101 101 101 101 101
Turnout % 57,4 58,2 61,0 62,9 64,2 64,2

Abbreviations: RE: Estonian Reform Party; K: Centre Party; EKRE: Conservative People's Party of Estonia  (1999: Estonian Rural People's Party, EME; 2003-2001: People's Union of Estonia, ERL); IRL: Fatherland and Res Publica Union; SDE: Social Democratic Party (1999: Moderates, M; 2003: People's Party Moderates, RM); E200: Party Estonia 200; ER: Greens of Estonia; EVA: Estonian Free Party; KP: Constitution Party (1999-2003: United People's Party of Estonia, ERP); RP: Union for the Republic-Res Publica; IL: Fatherland Union; KE: Coalition Party. 2023 Wolfram Nordsieck.